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What Are Terpenes?

Terpenes (/ˈtɜːrpn/) are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers. They often have a strong odor and may protect the plants that produce them by deterring herbivores and by attracting predators and parasites of herbivores. Although sometimes used interchangeably with "terpenes", terpenoids (or isoprenoids) are modified terpenes as they contain additional functional groups, usually oxygen-containing. 

Terpenes represent the aromatic building blocks of our natural world. They're nature's spice cabinet. They exist in virtually any plant that contains a fragrance, which also happens to include cannabis.Terpenes are a vast classification of chemical compounds found in trees, conifers, plants, fruits, plants, vegetables, insects, and all throughout nature. They can be used as flavoring in cannabis cartridges, drinks, and certain foods, and their strong scents are useful in household items (candle, soap, bath bomb, cleanser etc.). However, unlike fragrances, terpenes have immense and profound physiological effects on the body ranging from anti-inflammatory to sedative and anxiolytic (anxiety reducing) properties. 

Terpenes are the major components of rosin and of turpentine produced from resin. The name "terpene" is derived from the word "terpentine", an obsolete form of the word "turpentine". Terpenes are also major biosynthetic building blocks. 

Terpenes and terpenoids are the primary constituents of the essential oils of many types of medicinal plants and flowers. Essential oils are used widely as fragrances in perfumery, and in medicine and alternative medicines such as aromatherapy.