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General Effects of Terpenes

As is shown, terpenes have a wide array of effects on the body. 


Pinene is shown to reduce inflammation associated with bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), osteoarthritis, and skin inflammation. While limonene exerts anti-inflammatory properties likely due to its antioxidant attributes, some terpenes are believed to even reduce neurological inflammation, a symptom of brain disease and other neurological disorders. 

Anti-tumor properties

Some terpenes have been shown to reduce/slow tumor growth by acting on specific pathways throughout the body. Proliferation of tumors is multifaceted, including uncontrolled cell growth, weakened cell apoptosis, invasion activation and metastasis. The most well-known terpene to exert anti-tumor properties is limonene. It is powerfully effective in protecting against chemical-induced tumor growth including those that occur in the breasts, liver, pancreas, intestines and colon. Studies show that limonene stops tumor proliferation by inducing cell apoptosis and by suppressing the PI3K/Akt pathway, an intracellular pathway designed to regulate the cell cycle. Other profound effects terpenes have on the body are:



Relieves pain



Supports weight loss



Slows bacteria growth



Reduces blood sugar levels



Relieves symptoms of depression



Reduces vomiting & nausea



Reduces seizures and convulsions



Treats fungal infections



Reduces inflammation



Aids sleep



Reduces risk of arterial blockage



Inhibits cancer cell growth



Treats psoriasis






Suppresses muscle spasms



Relieves anxiety


 Appetite stimulant

Induces hunger


 Bone stimulant

Promotes bone growth


 Gastro-esophageal reflux

Reduces acid reflux



Stimulates the immune system



Reduces function in the immune system


 Intestinal anti-prokinetic

Reduces small intestine contractions



Retards nervous system degeneration



Reduces vascular tension

Interestingly enough, terpenes can even help you when you smoke too much cannabis. I will repeat that for the first-time edible user who underestimated the potential of 11-hydroxy THC (the very potent, orally ingested THC), scouring through the pages trying to find the part about being too high.

If you accidentally get uncomfortably high, specific terpenes can help get you back on track.

Beta-caryophyllene, pinene and limonene are all super helpful when you’ve accidentally taken too big of a puff, too generous of a dab, or consumed too much of an edible. Beta-caryophyllene is particularly good for those times when you’re feeling anxious, paranoid, or a helpless passenger to your thoughts, after taking too much THC. The terpene interacts with the CB2 receptor, which is known to regulate anxiety and stress levels and can bring you back to a state of content. Smelling black pepper or eating a snack with black pepper is all you need to start feeling calmer. If you have black pepper oil, diffusing it is another way to find relief. Other foods and herbs which contain the anxiety-calming terpene are oregano, basil, cloves, lavender, true cinnamon, and ylang-ylang. 

Pinene promotes mental clarity so if you’re feeling ‘out of it’ or unable to focus, eating pine nuts or pistachios, which contain pinene, can clear the fog. As mentioned earlier, limonene has been proven to be extremely helpful for both anxiety and depression. Drinking some lemon juice or another citrus drink when you’re too high is another great way to combat uncomfortable feelings of anxiety and paranoia.

Terpenes can boost libido, boost or suppress your appetite, help you focus, and even aid in exercise. So much remains unknown in terms of the seemingly infinite combinations of the over 50,000 terpenes that are known to exist. Certain terpene profiles can aid in just about anything you may need, and can correspond with any mood, activity, or need.