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General Effects of Terpenes

As is shown, terpenes have a wide array of effects on the body. 

Anti-inflammatory

Pinene is shown to reduce inflammation associated with bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), osteoarthritis, and skin inflammation. While limonene exerts anti-inflammatory properties likely due to its antioxidant attributes, some terpenes are believed to even reduce neurological inflammation, a symptom of brain disease and other neurological disorders. 

Anti-tumor properties

Some terpenes have been shown to reduce/slow tumor growth by acting on specific pathways throughout the body. Proliferation of tumors is multifaceted, including uncontrolled cell growth, weakened cell apoptosis, invasion activation and metastasis. The most well-known terpene to exert anti-tumor properties is limonene. It is powerfully effective in protecting against chemical-induced tumor growth including those that occur in the breasts, liver, pancreas, intestines and colon. Studies show that limonene stops tumor proliferation by inducing cell apoptosis and by suppressing the PI3K/Akt pathway, an intracellular pathway designed to regulate the cell cycle. Other profound effects terpenes have on the body are:

1.

 Analgesic

Relieves pain

2.

 Anorectic

Supports weight loss

3.

 Antibacterial

Slows bacteria growth

4.

 Anti-diabetic

Reduces blood sugar levels

5.

 Antidepressant

Relieves symptoms of depression

6.

 Anti-emetic

Reduces vomiting & nausea

7.

 Anti-epileptic

Reduces seizures and convulsions

8.

 Anti-fungal

Treats fungal infections

9.

 Anti-inflammatory

Reduces inflammation

10.

 Anti-insomnia 

Aids sleep

11.

 Anti-ischemic

Reduces risk of arterial blockage

12.

 Anti-proliferative

Inhibits cancer cell growth

13.

 Anti-psoriatic

Treats psoriasis

14.

 Anti-psychotic

Tranquilizing

15.

 Anti-spasmodic

Suppresses muscle spasms

16.

 Anxiolytic

Relieves anxiety

17.

 Appetite stimulant

Induces hunger

18.

 Bone stimulant

Promotes bone growth

19.

 Gastro-esophageal reflux

Reduces acid reflux

20.

 Immunostimulant 

Stimulates the immune system

21.

 Immunosuppressive

Reduces function in the immune system

22.

 Intestinal anti-prokinetic

Reduces small intestine contractions

23.

 Neuroprotective

Retards nervous system degeneration

24.

 Vasorelaxant

Reduces vascular tension

Interestingly enough, terpenes can even help you when you smoke too much cannabis. I will repeat that for the first-time edible user who underestimated the potential of 11-hydroxy THC (the very potent, orally ingested THC), scouring through the pages trying to find the part about being too high.

If you accidentally get uncomfortably high, specific terpenes can help get you back on track.

Beta-caryophyllene, pinene and limonene are all super helpful when you’ve accidentally taken too big of a puff, too generous of a dab, or consumed too much of an edible. Beta-caryophyllene is particularly good for those times when you’re feeling anxious, paranoid, or a helpless passenger to your thoughts, after taking too much THC. The terpene interacts with the CB2 receptor, which is known to regulate anxiety and stress levels and can bring you back to a state of content. Smelling black pepper or eating a snack with black pepper is all you need to start feeling calmer. If you have black pepper oil, diffusing it is another way to find relief. Other foods and herbs which contain the anxiety-calming terpene are oregano, basil, cloves, lavender, true cinnamon, and ylang-ylang. 

Pinene promotes mental clarity so if you’re feeling ‘out of it’ or unable to focus, eating pine nuts or pistachios, which contain pinene, can clear the fog. As mentioned earlier, limonene has been proven to be extremely helpful for both anxiety and depression. Drinking some lemon juice or another citrus drink when you’re too high is another great way to combat uncomfortable feelings of anxiety and paranoia.

Terpenes can boost libido, boost or suppress your appetite, help you focus, and even aid in exercise. So much remains unknown in terms of the seemingly infinite combinations of the over 50,000 terpenes that are known to exist. Certain terpene profiles can aid in just about anything you may need, and can correspond with any mood, activity, or need. 

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