Perfume & Cologne
If your natural musk is too boring and you would like to spice things up, consider making a DIY perfume or cologne. A good perfume combats body odor, boosts morale and confidence, and can even make you more attractive to others. The scent is king when deciding what oils to use, so choose wisely and experiment often. One oil suffices, but I recommend experimenting with making a chord of aromas and mixing oils for a multilayered scent. Here is some great information about the many scents that certain combinations of terpenes can produce.
Mix 4 ounces of alcohol (to preserve and meld the scents) with 10-20 drops of a base oil, 20-30 drops of a middle tone oil, and 10-15 drops of top note oil. If using only one oil, isolate, or fragrance, use 10-25 drops per ml, depending on desired strength and duration of the scent. Shake well and keep somewhere dark and cool. I urge you to find your ideal scent, it does not have to have one of each note, it can be any variation of any oil. Personally, I like a mixture that is 2 parts lavender and 1 part bergamot. It smells like you fell asleep near a fire and woke up in a field of lavender.
An interesting anecdote authored by Taryn Hillin in Splinter here, revolved around the commercialization of human sexual pheromones.
The piece details the work of biologist Winifred Cutler, who in the late 1980’s, through a series of experiments, claims to have located and extracted the specific chemical compound that was responsible for human sexual pheromones. Cutler went on to patent the pheromone formula and has yet to disclose the mysterious chemical, as of this writing in 2020.
Her product promised to help women attract men, naming it the Athena Pheromone™. She soon began selling her “pheromone perfume” through the Athena Institute for Women's Wellness in Pennsylvania, a biomedical research organization that she founded in the eighties. In 1995, she began selling a pheromone formula to help men attract women as well.
In one relatively famous study along the path to identifying the chemical, Cutler collected armpit secretions from fertile men and women and froze them. A year later, she and her team thawed the secretions and placed them on the mustache region of a different set of subjects. The researchers found that the secretions from heterosexual, fertile men and women increased the frequency of sociosexual behaviors such as kissing, petting, dating, and intercourse in their heterosexual subjects. Today, both varieties are available to order through the Athena Institute’s website, and both promise to "increase the romantic attention you get" from men or women.
However much skeptics may disagree, the “love serum” seems to work. In one study undertaken and published by the Archives of Sexual Behavior in 1998, in which Cutler was involved, 38 heterosexual men were studied. Men who wore the pheromones saw an increase in frequency of sexual intercourse and sleeping next to a romantic partner, as well as more instances of kissing, petting, affection, and informal dates.
A second study, published by Physiology and Behavior in 2001, which was conducted independently at San Francisco State University, focused on 36 women. It found that women who wore pheromones got more formal dates than women who did not. Researchers also found that 3 or more sociosexual behaviors increased over the baseline for 74 percent of pheromone users compared with 23 percent of placebo users. The increase in sociosexual behaviors included sexual intercourse, sleeping next to a romantic partner, and petting/kissing behaviors.
A third study, undertaken in 2004 by the Journal of Sex Research, tested the pheromones' effect on postmenopausal women. The researchers again found that "… sociosexual behaviors increased over baseline.”2 Separately, in 2005, ABC’s 20/20 did their own informal test of Cutler's pheromones using twins, and the show found that the twin who wore the formula during a speed dating session got nearly twice as many dates.
Whether or not this curious phenomenon is genuine or if the placebo effect is in playing a role, I haven’t a clue, but Cutler claims her formula contains a chemical copy of the human sex pheromone. Since it is technically a cosmetic, and not a drug, Athena Pheromone™ does not need assent from the FDA to sell the product commercially and the unknown serum could truly be anything.
Patrick Süskind put it perfectly in his novel, Perfume, as he wrote “odors have a power of persuasion stronger than that of words, appearances, emotions, or will. The persuasive power of an odor cannot be fended off, it enters into our bodies like breath into our lungs, it fills us up, imbues us totally.”2 Create your own brand of scent and boost your confidence by experimenting with terpene isolates, essential oils, and other fragrances.
Citations:1 - "I wore 'pheromone perfume' for a week to turn myself into a sex goddess." Splinter, 26 May 2015, splinternews.com/i-wore-pheromone-perfume-for-a-week-to-turn-myself-into-1793847956.
2 - "Anxiety-like behaviour and c-fos expression in rats that inhaled vetiver essential oil." US
National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, NCBI, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/